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Email: info@drdlik.co.uk            Monday - Friday 8 am to 5 pm


Introduction » Wood split shingle » Shingles product: Wallachian

Shingles production: Wallachian type



An experienced shingle maker can tell whether a tree is suitable for shingle making or not.



Wood for shingles

Wooden shingles are made of high-quality, carefully selected, slowly growing trees with high density of annual rings without a hint of rotation, i.e. parallel or rotated to the left. Annual rings rotated to the right are not suitable to become shingles. Slow growth and high altitude guarantees a higher density of wood, which quite well resists the weather. First we pick the tree directly in the forest, as it stands on the spot, where the eye of an experienced shingle maker can see if the tree is suitable for shingle. We are fortunate that in our surroundings, there are forests of Count Kinský, at an altitude of 700 meters over the sea level, where there is an excellent wood for shingles. Shingle trees are cut down in the winter months when the trees are free of resin. We buy the first 5 meters from the stump (so called rhizome piece), where the wood is without knots. It is the best part of the tree (so called selection) and so the price corresponds accordingly. After this, the tree is transported to our wood stacking ground, where it is stored in unstripped condition.

  Drdlik- wood shingle split

 

Drdlik- wallachian type wood shingle

The Wallachian shingle has always been made from spruce and fir wood. In the last years, however, there has been a growing interest in larch wood, which is very rich in resin with essential oils, making it more weather resistant than spruce wood.

 


Wallachian shingle – connected by tongue and  groove - spruce or larch

Alpine larch shingle

Drdlik- wood shingles splitting Drdlik- alpine wood shingle larch
Drdlik- wood shingle split Drdlik- wood shingle larch alpine

 



Chipped and shredded shingle


We manufacture shingles using traditional technology
– by splitting and then manual processing (grating). We produce first class quality shingles. This can be attested by a CERTIFICATE (building technical certificate). In this traditional process, unlike cut shingles, wood fibers are not damaged, and therefore shredded shingles are characterized by high strength and long life.

   Drdlík- make wood shingle  Drdlík- handmade wooden shingles


Spruce logs
with a diameter of 25 to 55 cm are cut into logs of 52 cm length, sometimes also 62 cm length. With larch, we cut off sapwood. The logs are split into quarters, which are then split into individual plates, which are 2-3 cm thick and 5 - 15 cm wide. It almost looks like if you cut a cake. It is split by hand or on a specially prepared log splitter. Splitting does not damage the wood fibers, which is important so the water not rise into the shingle, for the quick drainage of water along the fibers from the roof and, of course, for the durability and long life of the shingle. Therefore, the slope of the roof with wooden shingles is very important. It can be said that the greater the slope, the longer it will last (from 45 ° more).


Drdlik- split wood shingle     Drdlík- drawknife on wooden shingles

After this, the shingle is adjusted on a special carpenters vice called the “uncle”, “old man” or “goat” and other names depending on the region. The plate is clamped into it, held with one foot and adjusted, grated with sharp cutter.  The surface is finely adjusted, any irregularities are evened up and the spring is shaped. The cutter has to be excellently sharpened to cut the fibers well and leave a smooth surface. We always work with fresh wood because of better splitting and grating. And lastly the groove is milled into the side of the shingle.

Drdlík- logs on wooden shingles   Drdlík- wood shingle  Drdlik- wood shingles  Drdlík- look on wooden shingle



Drying and packing the shingle


The manufactured shingle
is stacked under the roof alternately, where it is allowed to dry for about 1 - 3 months. Then it is wrapped into a round package of 1 m² (double laying, 4 rm). The tapered shingle is packed into one package of 50 pieces each.

Shingles are custom made, but sometimes there is something extra - for the current stock quantity and current price, please contact us, we will make you an offer FREE of charge….. more.


 Drdlík- drying shingle  Drdlik- packing wood shingle  Drdlik- drying wood shingle  Drdlik- wood shingle

      


Dimensions and applications

 

 Drdlik- dimensions of wooden shingles

 

Drdlik- wood shingle splitting

The most common dimensions of a wooden shingles, Wallachian type (by groove):

-          Straight shingle

-          Conical shingle

 

Conical shingle, so called corner or "taper", for covering corners and valleys.

Drdlik- oblique wooden shingles

 

TYPE

LENGHT

WIDTH

THICKNESS

PACKAGE

USE

50 straight

50 cm

5 – 15 cm

18 -22 mm

4 bm

Basic template - flat roof sections

40 straight

40 cm

 5 – 15 cm

18 -22 mm

4 bm

End of ridge, garden houses, shelters

30 straight

30 cm

5 – 15 cm

18 -22 mm

4 bm

Foundation of roof, end of ridge, garden houses, shelters

50 conical

50 cm

5 – 15 cm

18 -22 mm

50 ks

Valleys, corners, dormers, turrets

60 conical

60 cm

5 – 15 cm

18 -22 mm

50 ks

Valleys, corners, skylight, turrets

 


In case of a binding order it is possible to produce a new shingle directly according to the original shingle or according to your specification.


 


TYPES OS SHINGLES


Shingles can be divided by the method of production into chipped and cut and according to shape into Wallachian and Alpine.

- Alpine shingles are mainly made of larch wood by splitting. It has no tongue and groove; it is laid in two or three layers. In Alpine countries (Austria, Germany, Switzerland) it is used for roofs and facades.

- Wallachian shingles differ from the Alpine shingles by a cut-out groove on one side and a chamfer on the other side that fits into the shingle groove. It is usually made of spruce, less often larch or other wood. Production involves a high proportion of handwork. The Wallachian shingle can be used on both roofs and walls. Shingle protected façades have high resistance to strong wind and side rain. For this reason, they are often used on mountain huts. When renovating old huts, they protect the original construction and at the same time allow the building to breathe.

- Chipped shingle are made by traditional manual splitting that does not break wood fibers. Wood split along the fibers has a smooth closed surface. This is a prerequisite for the shingle to not absorb water and your roof to last as long as possible.

- Cut shingle In the production of cut shingles, log splitting is replaced by cutting. Production of cut shingles is faster and cheaper. Cutting, however, breaks the wood fibers, so the shingle produced this way has a much shorter lifespan than traditional chipped shingle.

- How do you recognize cut and planed shingles? The surface of the cut shingle is rough due to the broken fibers. Such a shingle is afterwards processed by finishing or milling, so its surface shows traces (ripples) of these procedures. Although the surfaces of such shingles can be smoothened, so the impression is perfect. Broken wood fibers soak up water and reduce the lifetime of the roof.

 



Lifespan

The lifespan of your shingle roof is influenced by the quality of the shingles (splitting and thick wood), their sufficient impregnation, professional installation, roof slope, protective oil paint and mechanical cleaning (brushing or pressurized water), replacement of bad shingles – all listed above falls under regular maintenance (needed every 3-5 years).

With this treatment, your shingle can last for up to 80 years.

 



Shingle coating

After laying on the roof, it is always necessary to paint the shingle. The worst enemy is the sun and rain and the shingle needs to be protected….. more

 



Shingle laying

Upon your request we can arrange installation. Simple coverage is used, for example, for barns, various shelters, roofs on garden houses. Double overlapping coverage is suitable for residential buildings….. more.


All products (with assembly) are therefore covered by a 10-year warranty.

 

 


Do not hesitate to contact us and ask us anything on our email address: info@drdlik.co.uk. We’ll gladly answer any questions you might have.

 

Thank you for your time and interest, Your Drdlík team.


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